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As of April 12, 2020, British Archaeological Reports (BAR) the BAR Digital Collection is live on Fulcrum. To visit use the collectionBAR Digital Collection, visit For important updates, visit the Fulcrum page on our site. Please contact XXXXXXXXXXXX for any issues.



 Please contact for help with any issues.


  • Access and Browser Requirements
  • OpenURL Compliance
  • Linking to Text Sections
  • ADA Compliance and Accessibility
  • Printing and Downloading
  • MARC Records
  • Titles/MARC Records Removed
  • Usage Statistics (Stats)
  • Proxy-Server Configuration
  • IP Address Updates
  • Common Access Problems
  • Shibboleth / OpenAthens
  • Privacy and Data Collection
  • Terms
  • Contact Information

Download the BAR Terms and Contract for Annual Subscription.

BAR User Manual

The BAR User Manual was designed to collect relevant information pertaining to navigation and use of the collection in one place, as a single PDF file. 


  • Search wildcards

Access and Browser Requirements

Books may be accessed directly from links in the MARC records that have been loaded into the catalog of a subscribing purchasing institution. These records contain stable URLs that represent the most reliable way to reach the material at our site. If a subscribing institution has an access system that requires that URLs be rewritten, such as for proxy service, statistics tabulation, etc., that institution will need to make those local modifications to the URLs as system access requires.

For most access problems (particularly off-campus), including any proxy server questions, please consult the list of common access problems at:

If you experience any browser compatibility issues, you may want to try downloading an updated browser from one of the following sites:

OpenURL Compliance

BAR is OpenURL compliant on the title level, but not on the chapter and page level. In order to offer the most stable link to an individual title, you may use the title-specific handle's DOI, which can be found in the book’s catalog record, and the format for which matches the following example:

You may also use the Citable Link on the on the title record page of each book at, located beneath the Subject. The format matches this example:

The Citable Link , located beneath the Subject(s).

The DOI may be used to link to a title in the BAR collection on syllabi and course packs or on learning management systems such as Blackboard, Moodle, Canvas and D2L.

ADA Compliance and Accessibility

ACLS British Archaeological Reports is live on the Fulcrum platform as of August 1, 2018. From

The Fulcrum platform aims to meet WCAG 2.1 AA Standards in both the platform and its content by providing infrastructure and resources to support accessible books, image descriptions, transcripts for audio, captions for video, and alternative formats for digitized content.

The extent to which Fulcrums meets WCAG 2.0 and Section 508 of the U.S. Rehabilitation Act is reported in Fulcrum’s Voluntary Product Accessibility Template (VPATVPAT®) Version 2.13 INT.

If you have any further questions or need to request an accessible copy of a title, please email

Printing and Downloading

Since most material on this site is licensed for online electronic distribution only, this means that users are restricted to printing a chapter or chapters for personal research use. If, as an instructor, you want to use material in a course, you can provide the Citable Link permanent URL on the title record page. If you want to photocopy a chapter for your course, you must apply directly to the original publisher or copyright holder for permission, at If in doubt, or for further information, see our section on fair use.

To download a chapter, go to the chapter/section headings listed under the “Table of Contents” tab . The “Read” button will take you into the e-reader; clicking on the book page. Clicking on the “Download” button next to a chapter generates a PDF of the chapter.

Do not distribute the download link — BAR titles can be accessed by subscribers users in a variety of ways, which impacts the URL generated.

A chapter may be downloaded or printed at a time. This is generally sufficient for following a citation or extracting a quotation and follows BAR’s policy for fair-use rights and limitations.

Please note, BAR’s XML titles on Fulcrum currently do not support chapter downloads. (updated 5/1/19)

BAR also offers a subset of titles from its collection for purchase separately as print-on-demand or handheld editions.

MARC Records

MARC records are available free to subscribers and can be downloaded here.

As of August 2018, the following files are available:

  • (13 records, representing the 13 Humanities Open Book Program titles on the BAR platform as of August 2017)
  • (includes 258 records, representing the 259 books added in August 2018)
    • The data for Vol. I & II of The Basic Writings of Josiah Royce are consolidated in a single record.
  • acls14_REMOVED (includes 3 records, representing 3 titles removed from the collection in August 2017. Note, no titles were removed in the 2018 release.)
  • (includes records for all books in rounds 1-15, totaling 5,409 titles).  Note that some MARC records are consolidated for multi-volume sets.


Discoverability / Delivery Services

The table below reflects the status of each vendor product.

VendorProduct TypeProduct NameStatus
EBSCODiscoveryEBSCO Discovery ServicePending

Knowledge BaseHoldings & Linking Manager (HLM)Active
OCLCKnowledge BaseCollection ManagerPending

Knowledge BaseWorldCatPending

Knowledge BaseWorldSharePending
ProQuest / Ex LibrisDiscoveryPrimo (Central Discovery Index)Pending

DiscoverySummon (Central Discovery Index)Pending

Knowledge Base360 (Client Center, Intota)Pending

Knowledge BaseAlma Community ZonePending

Knowledge BaseSFXPending

MARC Records

MARC records are available free to subscribers. Please visit to download.

PLEASE NOTE: The records are MARC21, USMARC records, in Unicode UTF-8 format. There is may be a discrepancy between the number of records and the number of books in the collection due to the fact that multi-volume sets share a single record. Every effort has been made to bring these records up to current national standards.

Fixed Fields:

  • Record Type: a – Language material
  • BLvl: d – Subunit of a collection
  • 001 System-supplied control number
  • 005 Date and time of latest transaction
  • 006 Form of material: m – Computer file Type of computer file: m – Combination
  • 007 Record characteristics for remote access computer file format for textual data

Variable Fields:



MARC records are provided “as is.” Some options for MARC editing tools can be found on the Library of Congress’s website: One free program, MarcEdit, can be downloaded here:

Subscribers may share the BAR bibliographic records and metadata with third-party, not-for-profit databases as well as other service developers and providers working to make this data more broadly accessible as long as the records are not being resold by any party.Records for all BAR titles, complete with OCLC IDs, are also disseminated via WorldCat, and are available as a separate WorldCat Collection set.

Titles/MARC Records Removed

Since BAR went live in September 2002April 2020, 161 0 titles have been removed from the collection. Libraries can download a list of those titles (including removal dates) here.

Usage Statistics (Stats)

Institutional subscribers can access their stats for our new platform, Fulcrum, at Stats have been recorded here since our migration on August 1, 2018. You can still access stats from before July 31, 2018 at (choose ACLS British Archaeological Reports (acls) in scrolling menu) This requires no login; it uses IP authentication to identify the requesting institution. You may need to alter the previous link to a proxied URL in order to be IP-authenticated to the reporting system.

BAR stats are COUNTER 5 compliant. The COUNTER 5 standard is markedly different from COUNTER 4. The biggest difference comes in the way the reports count the number of hits. Your stats look different because the new COUNTER 5 standard shows use in a very different way and Fulcrum provides readers with a more modern way of reading which doesn’t rely on individual page views in a page turner.

IMPORTANT: Several reports are available, but for details on title usage BAR subscribers should draw on the Title Master Report with the total item requests metric. For general platform usage, subscribers should draw on the Platform Master Report using the total item investigations metric. For details on chapter downloads, subscribers should draw on the Item Master Report using the total item requests metric.


Glossary of COUNTER terms

COUNTER website

Quick Reference COUNTER 5 guide


Proxy Server Configuration

If your campus uses a proxy server, it generally needs to be configured with the host names and/or domains of our servers. Please note, since the DLXS platform will remain live until December 2018, librarians should keep the DLXS proxy stanza in place until notified otherwise. Questions? Email

New Fulcrum Configurations

T Fulcrum


This would also require the presence of the following line to the end of the Fulcrum stanza:

AnonymousURL -*

Please note that throttle settings in your configuration may have a negative impact on your members' use of large files on Fulcrum. 

Existing DLXS Configurations

Title ACLS British Archaeological Reports

For the proxy service to take effect, users at your campus or institution need to access the service via a connection through the proxy server, not directly. Your proxy server administrator can provide you with a proper URL for linking to our service; ensure that your users are entering via that URL.

IP Address Updates

If you would like to add an IP address to your authorized range (or remove one), please send us your update request (CIDR format preferred) by contacting, and the data will be forwarded to our technical support team. We will send a confirmation when the update has been made. Please note there is no separate log-in allowing subscribers to independently enter updates.

The University of Michigan campus backbone, on which Fulcrum is hosted, does not support IPv6 at this time. Please continue to send us your IPv4 ranges for basic authentication.

Common Access Problems

If you experience problems that result in being prompted for authentication, inability to reach the authentication page itself, or receiving a message that collections are not authorized, please consult: http

Shibboleth / OpenAthens



The BAR Digital Collection supports access for your institution's members through federated Single Sign-On technologies such as Shibboleth or OpenAthens. Please be aware that there may be a charge for OpenAthens Federation. Fulcrum is a member of InCommon and participates in eduGAIN.  To allow your members to access BAR the Collection via your Shibboleth / OpenAthens Identity Provider requires the following:

  1. Your institution must have a SAML-based Identity Provider (IdP) whose metadata we can consume via a stable URL and which defines a security domain using shibMD:scope. This is most commonly achieved through membership to an identity federation that participates in eduGAIN. The following federations have been confirmed to support access to Fulcrum via eduGAIN as of November 2019:
    • Canadian Access Federation (CAF)
    • HEAnet / Edugate
    • InCommon
    • UK Federation
  2. Your Identity Provider must be configured to release attribute 'eduPersonScopedAffiliation' to entityId ''.
  3. You must provide us with the entityId of your Identity Provider.

This information can be included in your order form or emailed to subscriptions@BARookbar-support@umich.orgedu.

Privacy and Data Collection

The University of Michigan Library, which hosts the BAR collectionDigital Collection, may collect some data about your institution’s use of BAR in order to improve services and to integrate with university teaching and learning initiatives. It is committed to protecting the privacy and confidentiality of user data in compliance with federal and state laws and professional standards. Follow this link to read the university’s Library Privacy Statement, which governs Michigan Publishing’s hosting of BAR.