- Access and Browser Requirements
- OpenURL Compliance
- Linking to Text Sections
- ADA Compliance and Accessibility
- Printing and Downloading
- MARC Records
- Titles/MARC Records Removed
- Usage Statistics (Stats)
- Proxy-Server Configuration
- IP Address Updates
- Common Access Problems
- Shibboleth / OpenAthens
- Privacy and Data Collection
- Contact Information
- Search wildcards
Access and Browser Requirements
Books may be accessed directly from links in the MARC records that have been loaded into the catalog of a purchasing institution. These records contain stable URLs that represent the most reliable way to reach the material at our site. If a subscribing institution has an access system that requires that URLs be rewritten, such as for proxy service, statistics tabulation, etc., that institution will need to make those local modifications to the URLs as system access requires.
For most access problems (particularly off-campus), including any proxy server questions, please consult the list of common access problems at:
If you experience any browser compatibility issues, you may want to try downloading an updated browser from one of the following sites:
BAR is OpenURL compliant on the title level, but not on the chapter and page level. In order to offer the most stable link to an individual title, you may use the title's DOI, which can be found in the book’s catalog record, and on the title record page of each book, located beneath the Subject(s).
The DOI may be used to link to a title in the BAR collection on syllabi and course packs or on learning management systems such as Blackboard, Moodle, Canvas and D2L.
ADA Compliance and Accessibility
The Fulcrum platform aims to meet WCAG 2.1 AA Standards in both the platform and its content by providing infrastructure and resources to support accessible books, image descriptions, transcripts for audio, captions for video, and alternative formats for digitized content.
The extent to which Fulcrums meets WCAG 2.0 and Section 508 of the U.S. Rehabilitation Act is reported in Fulcrum’s Voluntary Product Accessibility Template (VPAT®) Version 2.3 INT.
If you have any further questions or need to request an accessible copy of a title, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Printing and Downloading
Since most material on this site is licensed for online electronic distribution only, this means that users are restricted to printing a chapter or chapters for personal research use. If, as an instructor, you want to use material in a course, you can provide the Citable Link permanent URL on the title record page. If you want to photocopy a chapter for your course, you must apply directly to the original publisher, BAR Publishing. If in doubt, or for further information, see our section on fair use.
To download a chapter, go to the chapter/section headings listed under the “Table of Contents” tab. The “Read” button will take you into the e-reader; clicking on the “Download” button generates a PDF of the chapter.
Do not distribute the download link — BAR titles can be accessed by users in a variety of ways, which impacts the URL generated.
MARC records are available free to subscribers and can be downloaded here *link forthcoming*
PLEASE NOTE: The records are MARC21, USMARC records, in Unicode UTF-8 format. There may be a discrepancy between the number of records and the number of books in the collection due to the fact that multi-volume sets share a single record. Every effort has been made to bring these records up to current national standards.
- Record Type: a – Language material
- BLvl: d – Subunit of a collection
- 001 System-supplied control number
- 005 Date and time of latest transaction
- 006 Form of material: m – Computer file Type of computer file: m – Combination
- 007 Record characteristics for remote access computer file format for textual data
- 035 A unique identifier of the record
- 040 MiU |c MiU (University of Michigan NUC symbol)
- 090 LC call number derived from the original print version
- 260 Record publisher information pertinent to the original print source
- 300 Physical description for the original print source
- 533 Reproduction note on the processing of the page-image version – or
- 534 Original version note for text-based items
- 6XX Relevant LCSH assignments
- 7XX Additional access points
- 830 Uniform title series added entry
- 856 URL for Electronic access
MARC records are provided “as is.” Some options for MARC editing tools can be found on the Library of Congress’s website: http://www.loc.gov/marc/marctools.html. One free program, MarcEdit, can be downloaded here: http://marcedit.reeset.net/downloads.
Subscribers may share the BAR bibliographic records and metadata with third-party, not-for-profit databases as well as other service developers and providers working to make this data more broadly accessible as long as the records are not being resold by any party.
Titles/MARC Records Removed
Since BAR went live in March 2020, 0 titles have been removed from the collection.
Usage Statistics (Stats)
Institutional subscribers can access their stats for our new platform, Fulcrum, at https://fulcrum.org/counter_reports. This requires no login; it uses IP authentication to identify the requesting institution. You may need to alter the previous link to a proxied URL in order to be IP-authenticated to the reporting system.
BAR stats are COUNTER 5 compliant.
IMPORTANT: Several reports are available, but for details on title usage BAR subscribers should draw on the Title Master Report with the total item requests metric. For general platform usage, subscribers should draw on the Platform Master Report using the total item investigations metric. For details on chapter downloads, subscribers should draw on the Item Master Report using the total item requests metric.
*We strongly encourage you to consult the resources below for more information:
Proxy Server Configuration
If your campus uses a proxy server, it generally needs to be configured with the host names and/or domains of our servers.
New Fulcrum Configurations
Find id="permalink" aria-label="citable link" value="https://
Replace id="permalink" aria-label="citable link" value="https://^A
However, there are circumstances in which you may want to add a more nuanced configuration.
If you’re currently using RedirectSafe or NeverProxy for handle.net, then add the following near the top of your config file:
… and add this line to the end of the Fulcrum stanza:
This would also require the presence of the following line to the end of the Fulcrum stanza:
Please note that throttle settings in your configuration may have a negative impact on your members' use of large files on Fulcrum.
For the proxy service to take effect, users at your campus or institution need to access the service via a connection through the proxy server, not directly. Your proxy server administrator can provide you with a proper URL for linking to our service; ensure that your users are entering via that URL.
IP Address Updates
If you would like to add an IP address to your authorized range (or remove one), please send us your update request by contacting email@example.com, and the data will be forwarded to our technical support team. We will send a confirmation when the update has been made. Please note there is no separate log-in allowing subscribers to independently enter updates.
Common Access Problems
If you experience problems that result in being prompted for authentication, inability to reach the authentication page itself, or receiving a message that collections are not authorized, please consult: http://www.lib.umich.edu/digital-library-production-service-dlps/dlps-common-access-problems.
Shibboleth / OpenAthens / SSO
Fulcrum supports access for your institution's members through federated Single Sign-On technologies such as Shibboleth or OpenAthens. Fulcrum is a member of InCommon and participates in eduGAIN. To allow your members to access BAR via your Shibboleth / OpenAthens Identity Provider requires the following:
- Your institution must have a SAML-based Identity Provider (IdP) whose metadata we can consume via a stable URL and which defines a security domain using shibMD:scope. This is most commonly achieved through membership to an identity federation that participates in eduGAIN. The following federations have been confirmed to support access to Fulcrum via eduGAIN as of November 2019:
- Canadian Access Federation (CAF)
- HEAnet / Edugate
- UK Federation
- Your Identity Provider must be configured to release attribute 'eduPersonScopedAffiliation' to entityId 'https://fulcrum.org/sp'.
- You must provide us with the entityId of your Identity Provider.
This information can be included in your order form or emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Privacy and Data Collection
The University of Michigan Library, which hosts the BAR collection, may collect some data about your institution’s use of BAR in order to improve services and to integrate with university teaching and learning initiatives. It is committed to protecting the privacy and confidentiality of user data in compliance with federal and state laws and professional standards. Follow this link to read the university’s Library Privacy Statement, which governs Michigan Publishing’s hosting of BAR.